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  • Writer's pictureMyriam Robitaille

Law 27: A major change in occupational health and safety

Updated: Apr 11



In 2021, the Occupational Health and Safety Act underwent a significant transformation with the adoption of Law 27, representing the most significant modernization since its creation in 1979. These changes, which will extend over several years, also include amendments to the Act respecting industrial accidents and occupational diseases.


New Obligations for Employers


Law 27 introduces new obligations for employers, requiring them to identify and analyze psychosocial risks linked to work and to integrate them into their prevention program and action plan. These requirements aim to ensure the health and well-being of workers and will come into force no later than October 2025.


Consequences of Psychosocial Risks


Psychosocial risks, defined as factors linked to the organization of work, management practices, employment conditions, and social relations, can have serious consequences. Workers exposed to these risks are 1.5 to 1.75 times more likely to develop chronic diseases. These risks range from work overload to organizational injustice and can result in significant costs for businesses.


Risk Measurement and Assessment


Measuring psychosocial risks is a complex challenge. Participants in a day of reflection on this subject identified various unavoidable risks, such as work overload, decision-making latitude, social support, and digital stressors. Measurement methods range from informal approaches, such as interviews, to more formal methods, such as surveys and questionnaires.


Prevention Strategies


The implementation of psychosocial risk prevention strategies can be hampered by barriers such as insufficient resources and reactions to change. However, winning conditions, such as accessible tools and clear communication, can contribute to the success of these strategies.

With the gradual entry into force of the measures of Law 27, the next few years will be crucial. The discussions and needs expressed by the participants will provide essential benchmarks for developing concrete solutions promoting effective management of psychosocial risks and contributing to the development of a culture of prevention.


Don’t hesitate to discuss it with a member of the mon beat team.

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